Keep It CoolSummer heat waves do more than make motorists hot under the collar; they can also make batteries fail.Whether in the searing Southwest or sweltering East and Midwest, motorists should check the condition of theirvehicle's battery.Contrary to what most people think, high heat is more brutal on a car battery than extreme cold. Heat speeds upall chemical reactions. Because a car battery works by using a chemical reaction, motorists with older batteriesmight get stranded by premature failure during a relentless heat wave. High outside temperatures, combinedwith stop and go traffic on overheated pavements, can drive the under-hood temperatures to more than 200Fdegrees. Factor in extra heavy electrical loads such as air conditioners, power windows, and stereo systems, andthe dog days of summer can be deadly for a car battery.People can make their lives a lot easier in the summer by making sure their vehicle's battery is fully charged andby keeping the engine maintained. A heat wave isn’t the time to economize and hope for a few more weeks ofbattery life. Several tips for good auto and battery maintenance during hot weather include:• Keep the car engine in good condition by performing regular maintenance.•Tune up and change the oil regularly. Periodically check the radiator fluids to keep the enginefrom overheating.•Watch for terminal corrosion on the battery and make sure all connections are clean and tight.•Ask your technician to test your battery. This type of test can be performed quickly by mostautomotive service centers.•Ideally, park the car in a shady spot or in a garage, protecting the battery from damaging heat.•If the car is difficult to start, have the vehicle's electrical system checked, and if any component ismarginal, it's probably time to get a replacement component. This type of test can be performed quicklyby most automotive service centers.
Winter CareWhen winter is on the way, it means more than just cold weather for your battery. A dead battery in extremecold can strand motorists. The best defense, and safety measure, is checking the battery and charging system tokeep them sufficiently maintained during winter. Another factor is how well batteries are maintained during hotweather – summer heat can cause extensive damage to batteries. When the weather turns cold, a weakenedbattery can't deliver enough power to start a cold engine.To illustrate, Battery Council International statistics indicate:•When the outside temperature is 80F, a fully-charged battery has 100 percent of its power available tostart the car.•When the temperature drops to 32F, a fully-charged battery only has approximately two-thirds of itspower available.•At 0F, that same fully-charged battery has only 40 percent of its power available to start the vehicle.This clearly emphasizes the need for motorist to keep their battery fully charged.Several tips for good auto and battery maintenance to prepare for cold weather:•Keep the car engine in good condition by performing regular maintenance.•Tune up and change the oil regularly.•Watch for terminal corrosion on the battery and make sure all connections are clean and tight.•Ask your technician to test your battery. This type of test can be performed quickly by mostautomotive service centers.•Ideally, park the car in a garage at night, providing some insulation against low temperatures, ice andsnow.•When you drive in cold weather, make certain you drive the car long enough to recharge the battery,and try to avoid frequent stops and starts over a short period of time.•To efficiently recharge a battery while driving, motorists should minimize electrical loads, such aswindshield and rear window defrosters, radio, extra lights and electric windows.•If the car is difficult to start, have the vehicle's electrical system checked, and if any component ismarginal, it's probably time to get a replacement component. This type of test can be performed quicklyby most automotive service centers.
Prep Road TripBegin with simple car maintenance:•Tune up and change the oil.•Watch for terminal corrosion on the battery and make sure all connections are clean and tight.•Ask your technician to test your battery. This type of test can be performed quickly by mostautomotive service centers.•If the car is difficult to start, have the vehicle's electrical system checked, and if anycomponent is marginal, it's probably time to get a replacement component.Next, Make sure you have an Emergency Kit on board•Assortment of Combination Wrenches, Screwdrivers, and Pliers•Flashlight / Spare Batteries for Flashlight•Roadside Flares / Battery Operated Roadside Marker Lights•First Aid Kit•Battery Jumper Cables•Blanket, Food, and Something to Drink•Cell phone chargerOnce everything is in order, get ready to enjoy your trip. Don’t forget the map!
Determining State-Of-Charge for AGM Types 12.90 & Above 100% Charged 12.75 to 12.89 85% to 100% Charged 12.55 to 12.74 75% to 85% Charged 12.35 to 12.54 50% to 75% Charged 12.15 to 12.34 25% to 50% Charged 12.14 & Below Fully Discharged
Check Battery ConditionCarefully, examine the battery externally. •Watch for terminal corrosion on the battery and make sure all connections are clean and tight. •If you see any cracks or holes in the container, cover or vents, we recommend you have your battery replaced. During regular service intervals, ask your technician to test your battery. This type of test can be performed quickly by most automotive service centers. These tests will determine your batteries health by measuring its “State-Of- Charge”. Determining State-Of-Charge for Flooded or Gel Types 12.75 & Above 100% Charged 12.60 to 12.74 85% to 100% Charged 12.40 to 12.59 75% to 85% Charged 12.20 to 12.39 50% to 75% Charged 12.00 to 12.19 25% to 50% Charged 11.99 & Below Fully Discharged
Battery ChargeWhether it’s a need to charge or maintain the power of a battery, or the need for an inverter to convert low voltage DC power to higher voltage AC power, Exide’s Power Central Program provides the solution. Certain precautions must be observed during the charging procedure: •Wear Safety goggles or glasses when charging a battery. •Never recharge batteries except in a clean, well ventilated space. •Never allow smoking, welding, or open flames in or around the area. Batteries give off explosive gasses when charging and serious injuries can occur. •Use only cables and clamps which are well insulated and in good condition to make connections between batteries and chargers. Keep wrenches, pliers, and screwdrivers away from battery terminals. •Make connections between batteries and the charger and disconnect only when the charger switch is in the OFF position and, preferably, when the charger main supply cable is withdrawn from the socket. Make sure the positive (usually red in color) charger clamp is attached to the positive terminal of the battery and the negative (usually black in color) charger clamp to the negative terminal of the battery. •Keep battery vent caps in position during recharge. •If batteries need water additions to re-level electrolyte, do not add water before starting the recharge unless level is below the plates. Electrolyte volume expands during recharge and excess may flood over battery covers, causing damage to cables, clamps, racks and floors. Add water 2 to 3 hours before terminating the recharge. Do not charge a frozen battery. Allow the battery to come to 60° F before placing it on charge. If the battery is an AGM or Gel type or the vents are non-removable do not add water. •Read and understand the charger manufacturer’s operating instructions. •Some modern chargers incorporate electronic switches in the circuit, which will not operate if the battery does not exceed the trigger voltage. This can create an appearance that a very deeply discharged battery will not accept a charge. The manufacturer’s instructions will give the method of overriding the electronic switch. •Other chargers incorporate thermally operated fuses, which might intermittently cycle on and off if the battery initially accepts maximum output current for an extended period. The appearance of an intermittent charge acceptance can be confusing. •Dry battery containers and covers, clean terminals, and securely refit vent caps at the end of battery charge and testing, before returning batteries to stock or fitting to vehicles. •Charging of AGM and Gel batteries should be done on chargers they are identified as compatible for AGM/Gel batteries. Charging should be limited to 14.8 volts or less to avoid overcharging
Jump StartWhen jump-starting a vehicle, never lean over the battery and always wear proper eyeprotection.•Inspect both batteries before connecting booster cables. Never jump-start a damaged battery.•Inspect vent caps to ensure they are tight and level.• Both ignition switches must be in the “OFF” position and the vehicles cannot be touching each other.•Turn off all electrical equipment (radio, defroster, windshield wipers, lights, etc.)•For other specific information, please refer to the vehicle owner’s manual.Each step in the procedure "Jump Starting an Engine"' must be followed with extreme care or it could result in:•Bodily injury due to a gush of electrolyte through the vents,•Bodily injury or damage to the vehicles due to explosion of one of the batteries, or•Damage to the electrical system of either or both cars.1.Connect positive (+) booster cable to positive (+) terminal of discharged battery.2.Connect other end of positive (+) cable to positive (+) terminal of assisting battery.3.Connect negative (-) cable to negative (-) terminal of assisting battery.4.MAKE FINAL CONNECTION OF NEGATIVE (-) CABLE TO ENGINE BLOCK OF STALLED VEHICLE, AWAY FROM BATTERY5.Start vehicle and remove cables in REVERSE order of connection.
Buying a Battery•SIZEWhat are the dimensions of your original equipment battery?The Battery Council International (BCI) uses a number called group size to identify the height, lengthand width of numerous original equipment sizes. Exide’s battery selector will help you find the type ofbattery for your vehicle quickly and easily. (Link to battery selector) Or, consult your vehicle's owner'smanual or ask your battery retailer. Any of these options will provide the vehicle manufacturer's groupsize and CCA rating requirements for your car•POWERWhat are the power requirements of your vehicle? There are two ratings which may be importantfor you to consider.•Cold Cranking Amps (CCA)This industry rating measures the cranking power a battery has available to start a car's engine at 0F.Battery Council International defines it as the number of amperes a lead acid battery at 0 degrees F candeliver for 30 seconds and maintain at least 1.2 volts per cell. In general the higher the number, thegreater the starting power of the battery.Remember: Never use a battery with a CCA lower than the manufacturer's recommendation. Also, bejudicious when choosing a battery with a CCA level higher than necessary for the application. A higherCCA does provide greater starting power that might be needed in extreme conditions, in some groupsizes, it also reduces the amount of acid in the battery. This can be a cause of reduced battery life.Also, whenever available, a battery with a higher CCA is more capable of providing for the electricalneeds of older vehicles, and will not adversely affect the vehicle's electrical system.•Reserve Capacity (RC)As power demands become increasingly important, so does the need for more reserve capacity. Abattery's Reserve Capacity represents the length of time the battery can maintain the vehicle'selectrical needs without the engine turned on or in the event the alternator fails. Battery CouncilInternational defines Reserve Capacity as a measure of the time (in minutes) a lead-acid battery candeliver 25 amps at 80F and maintain terminal voltage of at least 1.75 volts/ cell. (battery voltage of10.5 volts) In general, the higher the minute rating, the greater the battery’s ability to run your lights,DVD players, Radio, and other accessories with the vehicle off before recharging is necessary.•WARRANTYAutomotive batteries are backed by an exclusive warranty and free replacement guarantee.